Funeral Practices from Around the World

Although all modern funerals are essentially the same, there still are some tweaks to every funeral service being held in a particular country. Standard wakes, burials, memorial services, and cremations are usually available in most countries, so the difference lies in how long it takes and what practices are observed. Such practices are deeply-rooted in both culture and tradition.

PcbfabricationIn China, for instance, all family members must wear white. Food served during the wake should be sweet so that only pleasant things will be brought over by the dead as he crosses over to the ‘other side of life.’

Cardboard representations of earthly possessions like mansions, luxury cars, as well as appliances and gadgets are also within the memorial service area, and these will all be burned so that the deceased family member will have something to use in the afterlife.

The Chinese also burn ‘paper money’ for their deceased to spend. And when attending a wake of a Chinese person, the attendee should not bother saying goodbye to the bereaved because it is believed to be bad luck.

In Muslim Countries, the dead should be buried or cremated within twenty four hours in a white burial shroud.

In Ghana, the deceased is put in a coffin that signifies whatever he dreams about or is interested in. For instance a driver will be buried in a car-shaped coffin.

In India, the deceased is usually cremated in the same day he died. This is because the Indians believe that the soul shall be resurrected in another form and so, there’s no need to preserve the physical body. The ashes will then be scattered in a river or any other place requested prior to death.

In Japan, true to its reputation of being one of the most modernized countries in the world, some of the most expensive graves come with touch screens showing details of the life of the deceased person. Some also come with a business card holder to contain the names of the people who paid respects. Japanese corpses are usually cremated, with the ashes displayed in the altar of a family home for 35 days. Incense sticks will be lit throughout this period.

In France, on the other hand, walking funeral processions are still rather common. The French views this as an act of togetherness, condoling with the family of the deceased. If the death was caused by murder or killing, or the deceased is too young, then handshaking is discouraged.

In England, a horse-drawn hearse can still be seen during funeral processions, with the family members walking the last few yards. Well-meaning gentlemen who come across the cortege take off their hats in deference to the deceased – a practice that has existed for centuries.

In the United States, the “green funeral” is starting to gain popularity. Some families choose not to have their dead beamed with harsh chemicals, or would have their dead buried in organic coffins or bamboo wraps, or even banana branches that are processed in an environment-friendly way.

These will decompose along with the body and return to the Earth without any harmful chemicals. This eco-friendly burial trend is also very meticulous even in the gravesite because it’s vital to ensure that all materials to be used are environment friendly. There are those who actually dig the gravesite by hand, for lesser carbon footprint. Unsurprisingly, more and more memorial parks in the United States are allowing green burials.

All in all, while death is often associated with grief, these practices make it clear that one’s trip to the afterlife could also be synonymous with uniqueness.

Author Bio:
Gentry Griffey Funeral Chapel and Crematory has been the premier North Knoxville Funeral Home , we became the only funeral homes in Knox Country to operate an on-site crematory. Whether you are in need of traditional funeral options or cremation services, we can accommodate any need, and any budget.

Do-It-Yourself PCB Fabrication

It is a wonderful opportunity to create a piece of technology that functions properly, the way you really want it to be. Because of this, many college students opt to study in Universities that specialized in degree programs such as Electronics and Electronics and Communication. However, if you want to practice electronics at home, you can do so. This way, you can take your creativity, resourcefulness, and other skills to the next level by creating or recreating electronic projects that you are interested in.

This article lets you in on one of the most cost efficient ways to do your own PCB fabrication.

Planning your DIY PCB fabrication

Before you go out and buy the material that you think you need, you must first plan ahead. This way, you will purchase those that you need only and nothing more. It is a way to produce a cost efficient but definitely effective electronic device.

First off, think of what device you want to create or recreate. For example, you want to recreate a radio transistor. Carefully think out what components you will need in order to produce the required type of connection on the PCB. As you think about the device and the requirements for it to work, try to create a picture if it in your mind.

PcbfabricationNext is to draw your schematic diagram. This is when your mental image of the device becomes necessary. Did you picture your device to be small or big? If you prefer a handier transistor radio, then you may need to sketch a smaller diagram. But you need to keep in mind that the smaller your schematic diagram is, the more elaborate and meticulous you should be in making the PCB.

While drawing the diagram, you should be aware of how many resistors, capacitors, diodes, and transistors are needed. Make way for an on and off switch. You may also want to add embellishments like led lights to indicate whether the device is on or not. Consider all of these things before you purchase anything.

The PCB fabrication procedure

The next step is to determine what etching method is the best for you. You can choose among four methods. This includes the acid etching method, UV etching method, mechanical or routing etching method, and the laser etching method. For homemade PCB, the most advisable is the Acid etching method.

In this method, materials are very much available in most hardware stores. However, this is also the slowest and the messiest. You can use Ferric Chloride or Ammonium Persulphate. These two chemicals attack metals such as copper (the usual conductor surface of a PCB).

After purchasing a board, the acid of your choice, electronic components, and a permanent marker (for masking the needed portions of the copper surface), you are now ready to conduct your PCB fabrication.

Draw the layout of the schematic diagram on the copper surface of the PCB using the permanent marker. This way, the needed part will not be corroded by acid. Once you have drawn the layout, set it aside to dry. Meanwhile, mix the Ferric Chloride granules with warm water. The more diluted the solution is, the less effective it will be. Submerge the PCB you have prepare in the solution.

After a while, the unneeded portions of the copper surface will be removed. You can now drill holes on appropriate parts of your PCB. Drill holes on ends of copper surfaces, so that you can mount the necessary components.

Then, mount the components and solder it using a soldering iron and lead. Let it cool down for a while, and then conduct a test experiment. If it works, then you have successfully done your DIY PCB fabrication!

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